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"T‑PEN is a web-based tool for working with images of manuscripts". T-PEN is an "open and general tool for scholars of any technical expertise level". The program facilitates user's attaching data transcription to actual lines of text in a manuscript document. With a simple and flexible interface, T-PEN "allows transcriptions to be created, manipulated, and viewed in many ways". With the ability to export documents as a .pdf or an XML file, T-PEN caters to documents that are final drafts or are still in a working state. T-PEN abides by all the disciplinary standards for text and image storage and annotation.


PTC Arbortext Editor

"PTC Arbortext Editor enables the authoring of structured content with real-time validation". Arbortext Editor creates data that can be reused and repurpose by formatting it in compatible XL and SGML component-base content models. With a focus on maintaining industry standards and internal consistency, Arbortext Editor relies on "rules for content and stylesheets for formatting". Arbortext Editor features real-time validation in a "familiar, intuitive user interface with common word- processing capabilities, such as change tracking, drag-and-drop and keyboard macros". Arbortext Editor also comes equipped with highly configurable and customizable tools.



TextWrangler is a general purpose text editor developed for Mac OS X. TextWrangler is suitable for "light-duty composition, data-file editing (where the data files consist of plain [unstyled] text), and manipulation of text-oriented data". TextWrangler's software facilitates a wide variety of functions: "powerful single and multi-file search & replace with file filtering options"; comparing the differences between file types and seamlessly merging them; and "syntax coloring and function navigation for HTML/XHTML, XML, PHP, JavaScript, Perl, Python, Ruby, Lua, Java, ANSI C, C++, Objective-C, and more". TextWrangler's user-friendly interface transforms complicated and time-consuming tasks into simple procedures that avoid the introduction of inevitable human error.


Liquid XML Studio & Editor

Liquid XML Studio is an advanced XML editor that facilitates the authoring, editing, transforming, debugging, and validating of XML documents. Liquid XML Editor provides a rich, text-based, and user-friendly interface with syntax highlighting, auto-complete, and schema aware validation. With the ability to edit in tree or tabular view, Liquid XML makes the import and export of "data from other data sources such as Excel and SQL Server" easy. Liquid XML is fully inoperable with XPath and can "infer an XML schema from your XML documents". The full Studio applications also include an XML schema editor, an XML data mapper, a WSDL editor, and an XSLT and XQuey debugger.


XMLSpy XML Editor

"The XMLSpy XML editor abstracts away the complexity of working with XML technologies through its intuitive user interface and rich variety of XML editing views and options". The user-friendly interface facilitates the creation of XML documents in text-based and graphical editing view, thereby catering to the visual preferences of the user. XMLSpy is equipped with"entry helpers, wizards, and debuggers designed" to assist the user in creating valid and well-formed XML files as well as optimize the cutting-edge XML applications available. XMLSpy features Smart Fix error correction, intelligent XML editing tools, powerful conversion utilities, and Path auto-completetion. XMLSpy is the "industry’s best selling XML editor with powerful support for working with all XML-based technologies".


Xmplify XML Editor

Xmplify XML Editor is "a powerful new XML editor built specifically for Mac OS X". Xmplify facilitates a full text editing environment with "XML Schema-based auto-completion, automatic document validation, XSLT and XPath support, live HTML preview and much more". The clean and colour-coded interface allows users to see their document's structure at a glance. The automatic document validation facilitates catching and correcting well-formedness in an efficient and immediate manner. Xmplify "is used by a diverse range of leading businesses, educational & research institutions and individuals in 50 countries around the world".



Emacs is an extensible, customizable text editor developed by GNU. GNU was launched in 1983 with the mission of developing a unix-compatible system that would offer 100% free software - Emacs is one of these applications. Emacs is compatible with Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows operating system. Emacs provides a content-sensitive editing mode that is equipped with syntax colouring to aid users in identifying different components and file types. Emacs caters to a variety of users: providing tutorials for beginners and allowing customization for more advanced encoders. With full Unicode support and a "large number of extensions that add other functionality", Emacs is a stellar free editing system.



jEdit is a "mature programmer's text editor". Combining "the best functionality of Unix, Windows, and Mac OS X text editors", jEdit launches a high functioning software suitable for advanced text editing. jEdit is comprised of a core software with a wide variety of plugins that expand the capability and specificity of the basic editor. jEdit provides a rich and user-intuitive interface with auto-indent and syntax highlighting for over languages. Both "highly configurable and customizable", jEdit "beats many expensive development tools for features and ease of use" but the tool is entirely free.



XMetaL is a structured authoring XML editor. XMetaL allows users to create and collaborate on XML document efficiently and effectively. The optimal integrating and transformation abilities, XMetaL allows for information to be repurposed and reused in multiple platforms. XMetaL's "extensibility enables you to integrate with content management and publishing systems to create an end-to-end solution—from authoring to reviewing, publishing, translation, and management". XMetaL is a flexible program that allows for customization while still maintaining the "most important XML standards".


Stylus Studio XML Editor

The XML Editor developed by Stylus Studio is a robust program with a wide range of applicable features. "Designed to make working with XML documents as easy as possible, Stylus Studio XML Editor includes fully intuitive editing and integrated XML troubleshooting applications. Stylus Studio XML Editor facilitates "multiple synchronized XML editing views" including tree, text, and grid. Its Sense:X technology - "an intelligent, XML-aware editing feature" - provides XML sensing, tag completion, and syntax colouring. The integrated XML schema/DTD validator "automatically finds and highlights errors, and provides detailed error messages" making corrections simple and straightforward. As one component in a suite of Stylus Studio editors, the XML editing tool provides a comprehensive and sophisticated program for creating XML documents.